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Urinary Bladder Rupture: Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

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By Dr. Manoj Talwar , Urology

Urinary Bladder Rupture might start as a outcome of a mishap to a reduce stomach or pelvis. Traumatic repairs is mostly seen following domestic fall, work repairs or vehicle accident. Most critical bladder repairs occurs when bladder is filled with urine.


The dual simple forms of repairs to a bladder by mishap are bruises and tears.

Blunt repairs (a bruise) is repairs caused by blows to a bladder. Penetrating repairs (a tear) is repairs caused by something trenchant by a bladder.

Almost everybody who has a blunt repairs to a bladder will see blood in a urine. Those with perspicacious repairs might not indeed see bleeding. There might be pain next a swell button, though many times a pain from other injuries creates a bladder pain tough to notice. In women, if a repairs is critical enough, a vagina might be ripped open as good as a bladder. If this happens, urine might trickle from a bladder by a vagina. Blood might also come out of a vagina in this case.

Other symptoms might include:

  • Hard to start urinating
  • Weak urine stream
  • Painful urination
  • Fever
  • Severe behind pain

What Can Cause Bladder Trauma?

The many common ways a bladder is harmed are:

  1. Car crashes
  2. Falls from high places
  3. Heavy intent descending on a reduce abdomen

You can forestall bladder mishap from a automobile pile-up by wearing a chair belt properly. The chair belt should be ragged as a path belt, and not opposite a belly.

The bladder can also be harm by being pierced from a outward (“penetrating trauma”). Some causes of perspicacious mishap are:

  1. Bullets
  2. Knives
  3. Shrapnel
  4. IEDs (improvised bomb devices)

How is Bladder Trauma Treated?

The diagnosis for bladder mishap depends on a form of damage.

Blunt repairs is repairs caused by blows to a bladder. This bruises a bladder.

Penetrating repairs is repairs caused by something trenchant by a bladder. This tears a bladder.

  1. Contusion: Most of a time, a bladder wall doesn’t rip and is customarily bruised. The customarily pointer will be bloody urine. The alloy might only leave a far-reaching catheter in a bladder so clots can pass. Once a urine becomes clear, a catheter will be taken out if there aren’t any other reasons to leave it in.
  2. Intraperitoneal Rupture: If a rip is on a tip of a bladder, a hole will customarily open to a partial of a stomach that binds a liver, spleen, and bowel. Urine leaking into a stomach is a critical problem. This rip can be sewn sealed with surgery. The tube will possibly come out by a urethra or out by a skin next a swell button.
  3. Extraperitoneal Rupture: If a rip is during a bottom or side of a bladder, a urine will trickle into a tissues around a bladder instead of a abdominal cavity. Complex injuries of this form should be remade with surgery. But mostly it can be treated by simply fixation a far-reaching catheter into a bladder to keep it empty.
  4. Penetrating Injuries: Injury to a bladder from a bullet or other perspicacious intent is customarily bound with surgery. Most of a time, other viscera in a area will be harmed and need correct as well. After surgery, a catheter is left in a bladder to empty a urine and blood until a bladder heals.
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