How to Eat if You Have High Cholesterol and Diabetes
By Dr. Anitha Narayanmurthy, Dietitian/Nutritionist
Diabetes or Diabetes Mellitus is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels are too high.The pancreas (an organ behind the stomach) releases insulin to help your body store and use the sugar and fat from the food you eat that is mostly affected by diabetes.
Type1 and Type2: With type 1 diabetes, your body does not make insulin. With type 2 diabetes, the more common type, your body does not make or use insulin well. Without enough insulin, the glucose stays in your blood. You can also have prediabetes. This means that your blood sugar is higher than normal but not high enough to be called diabetes. Having prediabetes puts you at a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes.
What is CHOLESTEROL?
Cholesterol is a type of fat that circulates in your blood. Cholesterol comes from two sources:
Your body makes some cholesterol on its own, regardless of what you eat.
Cholesterol also comes from the foods you eat. Cholesterol is found only in animal products. Foods from plants do not contain cholesterol.
LDL known as ‘Bad Cholesterol’ and HDL known as ‘Good Cholesterol’. Think of LDLs as delivery trucks and HDLs as garbage trucks. LDLs pick up cholesterol from the liver and deliver it to cells. HDLs remove excess cholesterol from the blood and take it to the liver. A person’s total cholesterol level is a combination of LDL and HDL cholesterol.
So does these diabetes and cholestrol act to ‘GAIN WEIGHT’?
How Cholesterol acts to Weight Gain? What are the causes behind it??
Eating too much saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol can cause high cholesterol. Saturated fat and cholesterol are in foods that come from animals, such as meats, whole milk, egg yolks, butter, and cheese. Trans fat is found in fried foods and packaged foods, such as cookies, crackers, and chips.The increased cholesterol level clogs the arteries.Plaques are formed as clusters on the walls of the stomach that increases weight.
How diabetes act to weight gain? The Causes…
The two types actually behave differently. Undiagnosed or untreated, type 1 diabetes can make people lose weight. In type 1 diabetes, the body stops producing the hormone insulin, which is needed to use glucose, the main type of sugar in the blood.
In contrast to this most people are overweight when they’re diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Being overweight or obese increases the risk for developing type 2 diabetes, and if someone who already has type 2 diabetes gains weight, it will be even harder to control blood sugar levels.
People with type 2 diabetes have a condition called insulin resistance. They’re able to make insulin but their bodies can’t use it properly to move glucose into the cells. So the amount of glucose in the blood rises. The pancreas then makes more insulin to try to overcome this problem.
PREVENT YOURSELVES FROM WEIGHT GAIN IN SUCH CONDITIONS-
Heart-healthy Eating Overall
Following a heart-healthy eating plan is one of the best ways to help you reach your blood lipid goals. A heart-healthy plan has the following characteristics:
It is low in saturated and trans fat. This means limiting fats that are solid at room temperature such as butter, some stick margarines, shortening, and lard, and consuming less red meat, cheese, whole milk, and fast food.
Ginger has been used for centuries in traditional medicine in Asia and India, primarily to treat digestive disorders, arthritis, and heart conditions. It’s currently used in modern medicine to treat nausea associated with chemotherapy, motion sickness, and even morning sickness during pregnancy. Ginger may also help fight heart disease and lower cholesterol.
Guggulipid is a supplement derived from the resin of the mukul myrrh tree. It contains compounds called guggulsterones, which initially were shown to lower LDL cholesterol and triglycerides in both human and animal studies done in India
Soluble fiber and Dietary fibres
Soluble fiber, or viscous fiber, is found in certain foods, including oatmeal, oat bran, and other oat products, dried beans and peas (black beans, chickpeas, lentils), barley, flaxseed, nuts, apples, oranges, prunes, carrots, Brussels sprouts, and psyllium (seed husks found in some fiber supplements and bran cereals).
Do you exercise in order to reduce your weight as it the basis of god and natural health. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a dietitian-nutritionist.