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Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)

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By Dr. K. S Somasekhar Rao, Gastroenterology

Gastroesophageal reflux illness (GERD) is a commotion of a digestive complement that is characterized by a reflux of a stomach poison or stomach calm by a food pipe. This movement causes exasperation to a backing in a food siren and leads to GERD. The symptoms of this commotion are common and not cryptic unless they start some-more than twice a week in a ongoing manner.


You will knowledge a blazing prodigy in a chest (heartburn) that competence widespread to your throat, and leave a green ambience in your mouth. Other symptoms are dry cough, bruise throat, problems in swallowing and pain in a chest. If a chest pain becomes severe, afterwards deliberate a medical veteran immediately.


  1. This condition occurs due to poison reflux; a condition wherein a stomach acids behind adult to a esophagus. When we swallow food, a revoke esophageal sphincter (muscles benefaction during a bottom of a esophagus) relaxes so that a food passes down to a stomach. Once a food passes, a revoke esophageal sphincter closes down.
  2. In box of GERD, this valve (lower esophageal sphincter) does not work properly, that means that a food instead of flitting down, might start to come up. This movement tends to annoy a backing of a esophagus, ensuing in problems such as draining and heart burn.
  3. Certain factors such as smoking, additional weight, diabetes, pregnancy and asthma tend to boost risks of GERD.


The treatments for GERD are:

  1. OTC Medications: Over a opposite drugs such as antacids, H-2 receptor blockers and electron siphon inhibitors are useful for removing proxy service from a symptoms of GERD.
  2. Surgery: Surgery is opted for if a drugs destroy to have a preferred effect. Surgical procedures are used to strengthen a revoke esophageal sphincter so as to forestall a poison reflux.

In further to these treatments, there are certain lifestyle remedies that can assistance revoke a risks of GERD. They embody progressing optimal weight levels, not fibbing down immediately after eating and gripping your conduct towering while sleeping.

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