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Acne – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

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By Dr. Sreelatha Murugappan, Cosmetic/Plastic Surgery

Acne is a skin condition caused due to a plugging of a hair follicles on a skin with passed skin cells and additional oil (sebum) secretion. Acne is characterized by a arrangement of pimples, generally around a face, neck, chest and a back. There can be aberrant flourishing and serious pain in a influenced segment as good if there is an infection around a pimples.

Acne breakouts can also be on a whole physique of a chairman that can be both annoying and worried for a influenced person. Though it can start to both a sexes, women, generally teenagers are a many exposed to this condition.


  1. Acne can start due to over-consumption of quick dishes and boiled foods.
  2. Acne can also outcome from certain endocrine disorders such as Cushing’s syndrome (a condition that stems from lengthened bearing to high levels of cortisol ensuing from increasing highlight levels) and polycystic ovary syndrome (characterized by lengthened ovaries with a arrangement of little cysts on a ovary’s outdoor edges).
  3. Acne can also rise as a side outcome of certain drugs such as lithium and corticosteroids.
  4. Using extreme cosmetics and other accepted creams on your face competence make we some-more disposed to this condition.


The symptoms of acne count on a power of a condition. The many conspicuous symptoms are:

  • Appearance of tender, notation and reddish bumps around a face, neck and a chest.
  • Extremely unpleasant bumps on a endangered areas that enclose pus.


  1. Hormone therapy can be useful to provide acne if this condition interferes with a menstrual cycles. This therapy is also endorsed if there is an extreme secretion of a androgen hormone (male hormone) in a body.
  2. A prescribed dose of benzoyl peroxide can assistance heal acne if a dermatitis occurs due to bacterial infections.
  3. A regulated dose of antibiotics (tetracycline, clindamycin) total with benzoyl peroxide or retinoid can be administered to pill from acne breakouts.
  4. A regulated dose of retinoids (a organisation of compounds that have effects identical to those of Vitamin A in a body) can effectively heal acne in the early stages.
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